Apakah Anda pernah menangis ketika Anda sedang stres di tempat kerja? Apakah Anda menangis bulan lalu setelah mendengar salah satu berita yang mengerikan di radio?
Jika Anda menjawab ‘ya’ untuk semua pertanyaan ini, Anda mungkin seorang wanita. Setidaknya begitulah stereotip berjalan yang dipandang. Ya, wanita makhluk yang sensitif. Mereka emosional. Menangis tanpa alasan, selain memang perlu menangis.
Ternyata, ilmu pengetahuan menemukan wanita memang hidup dengan bereaksi dengan cara seperti itu. Yakni menangis.
Peneliti Kanada memilih orang-orang yang sehat melihat satu set gambar dan mengatakan apakah setiap gambar membuat mereka merasakan emosi positif, negatif, atau netral. Peneliti lalu merekam pemindaian otak dan pelacakan kadar hormon. Mereka menemukan bahwa wanita sering peringkat citra negatif jauh lebih menyedihkan daripada pria. Dan semakin tinggi testosteron atau kadar estrogen, maka semakin intens perasaan mereka tentang rating mereka.
Dan perbedaan muncul pada hasil pemindaian otak. Pada pria, komunikasi antara dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) -yang mengontrol bagaimana manusia menafsirkan situasi dan sosial yang berhubungan langsung dengan emosi untuk mengingatkan akan ancaman- lebih kuat. Para ilmuwan berspekulasi bahwa kuat sambungan, semakin dmPFC rasional bisa berbicara dalam emosi, akan membuat faktor emosi berkurang. Faktor testosteron sangat berperan di sini.
“Ada kemungkinan bahwa wanita cenderung lebih fokus pada perasaan yang dihasilkan oleh rangsangan ini, sedangkan laki-laki tetap agak ‘pasif’ terhadap emosi negatif, mencoba untuk menganalisis stimuli dan dampaknya,” kata Stéphane Potvin, Ph.D., seorang peneliti di Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale, dikutip dari laman Shape, Selasa (6/10).
Pada dasarnya, kata para peneliti, wanita secara biologis lebih sensitif terhadap situasi yang menakutkan atau menyedihkan. Akibatnya wanita lebih mungkin untuk merasakan emosi dan merasa mereka lebih intens daripada pria. Semakin tinggi tingkat estrogen wanita akan lebih emosional pula perasaannya. Ini juga menjelaskan mengapa perempuan lebih mungkin untuk memiliki masalah kesehatan mental tertentu dibandingkan laki-laki, perempuan dua kali lebih mungkin berjuang dengan depresi sebagai laki-laki, menurut Mayo Clinic.
Statistics indicate that more and more frequently, “hookups” are turning into meaningful relationships. While that might sound like a snazzy pickup line, it actually means you might marry someone because of the color of the shirt she was wearing the night you met her. According to science, the world around you is dangerously full of hidden aphrodisiacs that can land you in bed, and even in long-term relationships, with someone who’s totally wrong for you.
The Romantic Notion:
“If two people are meant for one another, it doesn’t matter whether they meet in high school or prison — love will find a way.”
“Did you see a comedy or a horror movie on your first date? The answer to that question can determine who you end up sleeping with more than any of the “important” factors you pay attention to.”
We tend to think that emotions such as fear and anger cause our hearts to speed up. According to the two-factor theory of emotion, it’s the other way around. When you meet a 15-foot-tall grizzly bear in the woods, your body doesn’t have time to ask your brain about feelings. Instinct takes over and turns your heart into an internal combustion engine. According to the theory, it’s only later that we come up with “an emotional interpretation of that arousal” and decide we were scared.
Here’s where it gets weird. If you experience the symptoms of fear around someone with your preferred brand of sexual organ, your brain will assume that your heart was racing because you were sexually attracted to that person. Seriously. Science even found a way to prove it.
In a study by Donald G. Dutton and Arthur P. Aron, two groups of males were approached by an attractive female research assistant and were asked to fill out a survey. One group was approached on a solid, railed-in foot bridge that was five feet off the ground, while the other was crossing a “five-foot wide, 450-foot long bridge” that had “a tendency to tilt, sway and wobble” and featured “a 230-foot drop to rocks and shallow rapids below.”
The men dangling hundreds of feet above certain death were just as likely to stop for the hot lady asking them to do paperwork. Also, they tended to provide more sexual answers to the open-ended questions on the forms they filled out. What’s really weird is that their confused terror boner didn’t go away. Both groups were given a number where they could reach the female assistant in case they required any “clarification” on the surveys. The guys on the suspension bridge were five times as likely to call her the next day.
That’s why this is bad news for your soul mate and good news for some idiot who happens to take you to a scary movie. The sexual charge we get from being scared while sitting next to someone doesn’t just wear off as the credits roll. Fear makes that person more sexually attractive in your memories.
Scientists say women are just as prone to the scare-induced hornies, which probably explains why guys always decided that “Makeout Point” should be within 10 feet of a dangerous cliff. Being on a first date in a scary environment is basically like dosing each other’s drinks with an aphrodisiac.
But scary movies aren’t the only type that can screw with your ability to choose a partner. Ladies, let’s say you take your soul mate to the latest Nicholas Sparks movie (you presumably don’t know he’s your soul mate yet). At a sad moment in the movie, you start crying, and he goes in for the cuddle. That slide whistle you just heard was his testosterone level dropping like a homesick rock. It turns out that female tears produce a hormone that dampens the male libido. According to the scientist behind the discovery, the purpose is evolutionary: “We’ve uncovered the chemical word for ‘no,’ or ‘not now.’ ” While that probably came in handy when the dating scene was full of hunter-gatherers, in the modern world, this means that something as simple as a bee sting can scare away the person you’re destined to be with for the rest of your life.