HUKUMAN BERAT BAGI PEMUTUS SILATURAHIMPUNISHMENT FOR BREAKING TIES

Oleh: Supriyadi

Bulan Syawal merupakan bulan silaturahim bagi masyarakat Muslim Indonesia. Hal ini karena pada hari Lebaran tersebut diisi dengan saling bermaafan, saling berkunjung, dan saling menyapa antara yang satu dan lainnya.

Selain memeriahkan Lebaran dan memang sudah menjadi tradisi, masyarakat pun mudik hanya untuk bersilaturahim.

Secara bahasa, kata silaturahim merupakan kata serapan dari bahasa Arab, yaitu shilah al-rahim. Istilah tersebut terdiri atas dua kata, yakni shilah yang berarti sambung atau menyambung dan al-rahim yang berarti persaudaraan atau kekerabatan (bisa juga kasih sayang). Dengan demikian, secara bahasa, silaturahim berarti menyambung (tali) persaudaraan atau kekerabatan.

Sementara itu, jika kita mengorek arti silaturahim secara istilah yang disesuaikan dengan konteks masyarakat kita sekarang, kita bisa mengartikan bahwa silaturahim adalah upaya menyambung tali persaudaraan dengan saling mengunjungi antara yang satu dan yang lainnya agar terjalin rasa kasih sayang dan solidaritas antarsesama.

Dalam konteks tersebut, silaturahim dilakukan dengan bertamu, saling melihat keadaan dengan kunjungan, dan saling menyapa dengan komunikasi yang baik pada kunjungan tersebut.

Paling tidak, ada dua hal yang perlu kita ketahui dari silaturahim berkaitan dengan pengertiannya secara istilah. Pertama, menyambung tali persaudaraan yang sebelumnya belum tersambung, artinya berkenalan dengan orang lain kemudian menjalin persaudaraan. Kedua, mempererat persaudaraan atau kekerabatan sehingga jalinan tersebut semakin baik dari waktu ke waktu dan tidak dilepaskan.

Ajaran tentang silaturahim ini sungguh digaungkan oleh agama Islam untuk persatuan umat. Islam tidak menghendaki permusuhan, tetapi menghendaki persaudaraan. Hal itu sesuai dengan fitrah kemanusiaan bahwa manusia itu adalah makhluk sosial yang saling membutuhkan antara yang satu dan yang lainnya.

Anjuran silaturahim ini sangat Rasulullah SAW tekankan kepada umat Islam. Ketika Rasulullah SAW hijrah dari Makkah ke Madinah, beliau pun melekatkan hubungan persaudaraan antara kaum Muhajirin dan kaum Anshar yang sebelumnya kedua kaum tersebut belum saling kenal. Karena Rasulullah SAW memerintahkan silaturahim, hubungan kedua kaum tersebut sungguh sangat harmonis. Mereka terikat dalam sebuah tali persaudaraan yang sangat kuat.

Selain menambah jaringan dan saudara, silaturahim juga mempunyai manfaat lain. Rasulullah SAW menjelaskan, “Barang siapa yang ingin diluaskan rezekinya dan dipanjangkan umurnya (kebaikannya), maka bersilaturahimlah.” (HR Bukhari).

Sementara itu, Islam tidak menyukai orang-orang yang memutuskan tali persaudaraan. Islam mengancam dan mengecam secara tegas orang-orang yang memutuskan tali persaudaraan. Dalam hal ini, Rasulullah SAW bersabda, “Tidak akan masuk surga orang yang memutus (silaturahim).” (HR Bukhari dan Muslim).

Islam begitu tegas terhadap hubungan baik sesama manusia. Oleh karena itu, orang yang tidak mau berbuat baik dan justru memutus persaudaraan, Islam pun memberikan ancaman yang keras, yakni tidak akan masuk surga sebagai balasannya. Sungguh mengerikan. Na’udzu billah min dzalik.

Sumber: republika.co.id
When I look around me, I see people breaking-off ties with their close relatives as if nothing matters, siblings not talking to each other for days, weeks, even months at a stretch. I am a mortal and have done the same on more than one occasion. Thankfully for us, Islam comes to the rescue and explains the importance of family ties and brotherhood.

Just thought I’d search for some references from the Qur’an and Sunnah to help everyone understand the importance of family and how breaking ties will affect us in this world and the here-after.

The following is a collection of interpretation of verses from the Holy Qur’an:

“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers.” (49:10)
“… and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of ) the wombs (kinship)…” (4:1)
“And those who break the Covenant of Allah, after its ratification, and sever that which Allah has commanded to be joined (i.e., they sever the bond of kinship and are not good to their relatives), and work mischief in the land, on them is the curse (i.e., they will be far away from Allah’s Mercy); And for them is the unhappy (evil) home (i.e., Hell).” (13:26)

“Would you then, if you were given the authority, do mischief in the land, and sever your ties of kinship? Such are they whom Allah has cursed, so that He has made them deaf and blinded their sight.” (47:22-23)

A lot of ahadith explain the importance of family and the implications of severing ties with your relatives:

Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Do not desert (stop talking to) one another, do not nurse hatred towards one another, do not be jealous of one another, and become as fellow brothers and slaves of Allah. It is not lawful for a Muslim to stop talking to his brother (Muslim) for more than three days.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “People’s deeds are presented before Allah on Mondays and Thursdays, and then every slave (of Allah) is granted forgiveness (of minor sins) if he does not associate anything with Allah in worship. But the person in whose heart there is rancour against his brother, will not be pardoned. With regard to them, it is said twice: `Hold these two until they are reconciled’.” [Muslim]

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “It is not lawful for a Muslim to forsake his (Muslim) brother beyond three days; and whosoever does so for more than three days, and then dies, will certainly enter the Hell.” [Abu Dawud]

Abu Khirash Hadrad bin Abu Hadrad Al-Aslami (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Prophet (PBUH) saying, “Whosoever forsakes his brother for a year is like one who sheds his blood.” (Abu Dawud)

The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The one who maintains a relationship with his relatives only because they maintain a relationship with him is not truly upholding the ties of kinship. The one who truly upholds those ties is the one who does so even if they break off the relationship.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 5645).

“There is no sin more deserving of having punishment meted out by Allah to its perpetrator in advance in this world, along with what He has for him in the next world, than oppression and severing family ties.” (Tirmizi)
“Does not enter Paradise he who breaks up his family ties”. (Bukhari)

This is an eye-opening compilation and should serve as a basis of all our present and future relationships. If you think you know someone who is in the middle of a personal/family feud, please forward this to them and ask them to fix their ties for Allah’s sake.

Source: http://yousufbawany.com/2010/12/07/punishment-for-breaking-ties-in-islam/

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