[:ID]PENGHUNI SURGA PENUH ORANG MISKIN, UMAT HARUS MISKIN JUGA?[:en]RESIDENTS OF HEAVEN ARE FULL OF THE POOR, SHOULD PEOPLE ALSO BE POOR?[:]

[:ID]Usai melakukan Isra dan Miraj, Nabi saw bersabda, “Aku telah meninjau surga dan aku dapati kebanyakan penghuninya adalah kaum miskin.” (al-Bukhari). Benarkah Islam memandang kemiskinan sebagai suatu kelebihan sementara kekayaan adalah penghalang seseorang masuk surga?

Mari kita kaji dulu definisi kekayaan dan kemiskinan menurut Islam. Menurut agama ini, kekayaan adalah rahmat Allah. Makanya, memohon rezeki diajarkan dalam doa Rasulullah, bahkan dibaca berkali-kali setiap kita duduk di antara dua sujud dalam shalat. Hanya saja, kekayaan bukanlah keutamaan selama ia tidak dibelanjakan di jalan Allah.

Sedangkan kemiskinan, menurut Islam, adalah cobaan (ujian) terhadap ketabahan dan kesabaran seorang Mukmin. Kemiskinan bukanlah keutamaan yang secara otomatis menjadikan seorang Mukmin masuk surga sehingga kemiskinan bisa disejajarkan dengan kesabaran, ketakwaan, atau berbagai amal saleh lainnya.

Karena itu, kalimat “orang-orang yang miskin” dalam hadis tersebut harus diterjemahkan sebagai orang-orang miskin yang saleh dan bertakwa; bukan kemiskinan semata.

Sebab, kemiskinan semata-mata kadang malah merupakan bala (ujian buruk) yang bisa membawa seseorang kepada kekufuran. Banyak sekali seseorang mengalami kemiskinan lalu berkecil hati dan menentang Allah. Sikap ini bukan saja melahirkan kedengkian terhadap orang-orang kaya, bahkan menjerumuskannya pada kekufuran (murtad). Inilah maksud sabda Nabi SAW, “Kemiskinan hampir-hampir membawa seseorang kepada kekufuran.”

Karena itu, sangat keliru jika hadis tadi dijadikan dalil bahwa Islam menekankan agar umatnya jadi miskin atau memandang kemiskinan sebagai keutamaan menuju surga. Surga dicapai dengan takwa dan amal saleh, bukan kemiskinan. “Itulah surga yang Kami wariskan karena kelebihan amalan-amalan kamu semua.” (QS al-A’raf:43).

Karenanya benar ketika Syekh Manshur Ali Nasar, dalam kitabnya al-Taaj, menyatakan keutamaan orang-orang miskin (yang banyak masuk surga) itu bukan karena kemiskinan, tapi karena kesabaran, takwa, dan amal saleh mereka yang (biasanya) menyebabkan mereka miskin. Mereka miskin bukan karena kurang usaha, tapi karena sentiasa mengorbankan banyak harta-benda di jalan Allah, karena mereka lebih mengutamakan kepentingan orang lain daripada kepentingan sendiri.

sumber: republika.co.id[:en]

After doing Isra and Miraj, the Holy Prophet said, “I have visited heaven and I found that most of its inhabitants are the poor.” (al-Bukhari). Is it true that Islam views poverty as an advantage while wealth is a barrier to someone entering heaven?

Let us first examine the definition of wealth and poverty according to Islam. According to this religion, wealth is a gift from Allah. Therefore, asking for fortune is taught in the Prophet’s prayer, and even read many times each time we sit between two prostrations in prayer. It’s just that wealth is not a virtue as long as it is not spent in the way of Allah.

While poverty, according to Islam, is a trial and a test of the believer’s patience. Poverty is not a virtue that automatically makes a believer enter heaven so that poverty can be equated with patience, piety, or various other pious deeds.

Therefore, the phrase “poor people” in the hadith must be translated as pious poor people and be piety; not poverty alone.

Because poverty is sometimes even a disaster (bad test) that can bring someone to kufr. Many people experience poverty and then get discouraged and oppose Allah. This attitude not only gives birth to malice towards rich people, it even leads to kufr (apostasy). This is the meaning of the Prophet’s words, “Poverty almost brings someone to kufr.”

Therefore, it is very wrong if the hadith was used as an argument that Islam emphasizes that his people become poor or view poverty as virtue towards heaven. Heaven is achieved by piety and righteous deeds, not poverty. “That is the paradise that we have bequeathed to you because of the excesses of your practices.” (Surah al-A’raf: 43).

Therefore, it is true that Shaykh Manshur Ali Nasar, in his book al-Taaj, stated the virtues of the poor (many who go to heaven) was not because of poverty, but because of patience, piety, and charity pious those who (usually) cause them to be poor. They are poor not because they lack effort, but because they always sacrifice a lot of property in the way of Allah because they are prioritizing the interests of others rather than their own interests.

Source: republika.co.id[:]

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