TIGA HARI YANG MENENTUKANTHE BLESSED DAYS: NAHR AND TASHREEQ

Oleh: Ach Nurcholis Majid

Perintah Allah kepada Nabi Ibrahim sungguhlah sulit. Di saat bahagia memiliki seorang putra belum selesai ia rasakan dengan sempurna, perintah menyembelih Ismail datang dengan tergesa. Terlebih perintah itu datang hanya lewat mimpi.

Inilah yang membuat Nabi Ibrahim diuji seberapa bijak menghadapi masalah, akankah berusaha dengan sekuat tenaga atau malah putus asa dan menyalahkan Allah.

Karena itu, butuh tiga hari baginya untuk menentukan sikap. Tiga hari yang biasa disebut yaumu tarwiyah, yaumu arafah, dan yaumu nahr.

Tiga hari ini yang menentukan Ibrahim sebagai khalilullah atau bukan. Hari pertama adalah hari yang disebut yaumu tarwiyah. Di hari ini, awal Ibrahim mendapat mimpi yang begitu menggelisahkan hatinya. Ia ragu dan gelisah, akankah mimpi itu setan ataukah Tuhan.

Karena itu, nama hari ini disebut sebagai hari tarwiyah. Hari yang menjadi suatu perenungan Nabi Ibrahim terhadap apa yang datang dalam mimpinya. Sehingga itu, juga di hari ini, Rasulullah sangat menganjurkan umatnya untuk merenungi diri akan apa yang telah dilakukan, benarkah telah sesuai dengan yang diperintahkan atau malah menyimpang.

Setelah hari pertama itu, kemudian barulah Nabi Ibrahim sampai pada suatu pengetahuan (arafa) tentang masa lalu, yang kemudian ia tahu bahwa itulah motif dari perintah yang menyuruhnya menyembelih putra kesayangan bernama Ismail.

Di hari kedua ini, Nabi Ibrahim pada akhirnya tahu bahwa memanglah benar ia pernah berjanji akan pula menyembelih putranya seandainya diberi keturunan, asal dengannya bisa membuat lebih dekat kepada Allah.

Sebenarnya, di hari kedua ini lebih pada pengujian amanah Nabi Ibrahim, seberapa beliau menjadi seorang yang amanah dan tepat janji. Karena, tidak mungkin seorang diangkat menjadi khalilullah jika tidak amanah dan tidak tepat janji, bahkan ketika secara naluri manusiawi hal itu sangat tidak beralasan. Amanah ini pula yang menjadi ujung tombak munculnya spirit pemimpin progresif yang membawa perubahan positif.

Sedangkan di hari ketiga yang disebut yaumu nahr, Nabi Ibrahim akhirnya berada pada suatu keyakinan bahwa beliau harus tepat janji dan menjalankan amanah untuk tadhhiyah (menyembelih) yang diperintahkan, walaupun itu perintah yang datang di dalam mimpi.

Sehingga itu, akhirnya Nabi Ibrahim menjadi seorang khalilullah yang amanah dengan suatu proses yang tidak mudah, mulai dari perenungan panjang, pemantapan keyakinan, dan eksekusi terhadap perintah yang begitu berat.

Demikianlah tiga hari yang menentukan sehingga menjadi sejarah dan menjadi suatu sunah untuk merenung di hari arafah. Wallahu a’lam.

Sumber: republika.co.id
• The Day of Nahr (the 10th day of Thul-Hijjah):

There are multiple virtues for this day for it is the day of the major Hajj and the best day of the year. In a Hadeeth (narration), the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “The greatest day in the sight of Allaah The Almighty is the Day of Nahr and then the day of Qarr (the 11th day of Thul-Hijjah)”.

Based on this, the Day of Nahr is better than the day of ‘Eed Al-Fitr, because it includes prayer and slaughtering sacrificial animals and they are also better than prayer and charity.

Peoples and nations consider feasts as opportunities for pleasure and freedom as well as unbridled extravagance. However, in Islam, the Days of ‘Eed are filled with worship and humbleness to Allaah The Almighty as well as lawful enjoyment and entertainment. There are great acts of worship prescribed on the Day of Nahr such as prayer, Takbeer (saying Allaahu-Akbar), slaughtering sacrificial animals on the part of the pilgrims and others, as well as other rituals of Hajj. This makes this day a blessed opportunity to bring oneself closer to Allaah The Almighty and seek His forgiveness.

This is contrary to many who make that day an opportunity for entertainment and leisure only. Some have even made it a day of rebellion and disobedience to the commands of Allaah The Almighty. (We seek refuge in Allaah The Almighty from this).

• The Days of Tashreeq:

They are the three days after to the Day of Nahr. According to Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with them, they are the days meant in the verse in which Allaah The Exalted Says (what means): {And remember Allaah during [specific] numbered days.} [Quran 2:203] Al-Qurtubi, may Allaah have mercy upon him, mentioned that the scholars unanimously agreed that they are the Days of Tashreeq.

They are days of festivity for Muslims, as the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “The Day of ‘Arafah, the Day of Nahr and the days of Mina (i.e. the Days of Tashreeq) are ‘Eed for us, Muslims.”

It is forbidden to observe fasting on these days.

They also come after the noble ten days of Thul-Hijjah and this is another virtue. Some of the Hajj rituals are performed on these days. The Day of Nahr is also included in these days. Therefore, the honor and virtue of these days is great due to all these reasons.

The second of these days is the Day of Qarr, the 11th of Thul-Hijjah, which is the best day after the Day of Nahr. According to the preponderant opinion, these four days are specified for slaughtering the sacrificial animals on the part of both pilgrims and non pilgrims, as well as extolling and glorifying Allaah The Almighty. This exalts the virtue and excellence of these days. They are days for worship, remembrance of Allaah The Almighty and happiness. In a Hadeeth, the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “The Days of Tashreeq are days for eating, drinking and remembering Allaah.”

They are days for showing happiness and satisfaction with the great favors of Allaah The Almighty. The Hadeeth points out to eating and drinking so that a person would be able to remember and mention Allaah The Almighty as an aspect of gratefulness to Allaah The Almighty for His bounties.

There are several types of the Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) commanded in the Hadeeth :

Takbeer after prayers and at all times, whether it is the restricted or not restricted to a specific time, according to the apparent meaning of the verse, and this is what makes them days for Thikr.

• Mentioning the Name of Allaah The Almighty by saying Basmalah (saying: “In the Name of Allaah The Most Merciful The Ever Merciful”) and Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar (Allaah Is The Greatest)” ) when one slaughters sacrificial animals for the sake of Allaah The Almighty.

• Mentioning the Name of Allaah The Almighty when one eats and drinks as well as other types of Thikr.

• Repeating Takbeer when a pilgrim throws the pebbles.

• Mentioning and remembering Allaah The Almighty at all times during these days, and this is called the Thikr and Takbeer which are not restricted to a specific time.

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