Forest fires have once again struck parts of Indonesia. Haze certainly has an impact on public health. Health expert Prof. Dr. Ari Fahrial Syam claimed to have conducted research on this matter four years ago.
The method was carried out by means of an online survey of people affected by smoke. “The results showed that the longer exposure to smoke will cause eye irritation, coughing, shortness of breath, flu and sore throats,” he said, Monday (9/16).
Air quality is not good because the smoke will affect oxygen levels. Lack of oxygen will cause hypoxia. Hypoxia is a state of lack of oxygen which can cause health problems in the organs of the body. In the body, oxygen balance is maintained by the cardiovascular system and respiratory system.
Hypoxia should be avoided especially in people who already have problems with blood vessels, both in the brain blood vessels and heart blood vessels. Low oxygen levels cause the heart to experience a severe decrease in oxygen supply which can cause infarction or tissue death.
Likewise in people who already have brain blood vessel problems, lack of oxygen can worsen the condition of the patient to cause the patient to become unconscious. Research shows that chronic systemic hypoxic conditions can cause damage to the liver, kidneys, heart, and stomach.
The next question is, what percentage of oxygen levels decrease due to smoke that covers Pekanbaru and other cities in Indonesia that are covered in the haze? This must be answered first so that it can predict the occurrence of hypoxia in the community due to the fall in oxygen levels from the air. On the other hand, the smoke component due to forest fires must also be analyzed so that its effects for health can be predicted.
Finally, further research is needed on the smoke content and the effects of decreasing oxygen levels so that the impact on the community can be predicted and anticipated. For the time being, it is recommended that the community do not inhale the smoke and prevent being outside the house when the amount of smoke is still high.