BY ACHMAD SYALABY ICHSAN
Disasters come and go. Amid the increasing attacks of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the Indonesian people are facing a series of events that have resulted in casualties and property.
From the fall of the Sriwijaya Air SJ 182 plane, the earthquake in West Sulawesi, the tidal flood in North Sulawesi, the flood in South Kalimantan, to the flash flood in Gunung Mas, Puncak area, West Java.
According to government data, there have been 154 catastrophic events since January 1-19, 2021 - apart from the plane crash. The series of disasters resulted in 140 casualties and around 700 injuries. There are countless material losses caused by the disaster. The sad news adds to the sadness of the Indonesian people because the ulama had just left them.
What is really happening? Why do disasters come incessantly? To get a lesson from this incident, let's see how Buya Hamka explains the law of cause and effect.
In the realm of philosophy, the law of causality is known which is termed by the science of kalam as'illatdan ma'lul'. A person being good can be observed that his family and environment are good. The opposite is true when his family is bad.
That is the reason for all the events that have occurred lately. The destiny brought by Allah SWT cannot be separated from the law of cause and effect which is translated as Sunnatullah. We also learn about the causes of various disasters such as flash floods, landslides, liquefaction, earthquakes, tsunamis, and drought.
If the forest is cut down until it is deforested, there is no other cause except for flooding and landslides. Industrial machinery and vehicles carry pollution causing greenhouse gases. Climate change also occurs due to global warming and forest destruction. Disasters are inevitable. There were human hands involved there.
Allah SWT clearly explains in the Koran how we play a role in destroying nature. "It has been seen that the damage on land and in the sea has been caused by the actions of human hands, so that Allah will feel for them part of (the result) of their actions. So that they return (to the right path). " (Surah ar-Ruum: 41).
After understanding this mechanism, it is sufficient for us to take a simple postulate to deal with causes in order to eliminate effects. Disasters will disappear if we take care of the earth. Humans are returning to reforestation and reducing pollution. Thus, the earth's temperature will return to normal and climate change can be prevented.
However, it is not uncommon for the law of cause and effect to get stuck in the middle. There's an X factor at work there. How many crashed planes does the pilot take with hundreds of thousands of flying hours. The engine is sophisticated, not just any. The X factor was able to intervene in the causal mechanism so that the plane crashed.
The X factor is sometimes known to humans. For example, earthquake and volcanic eruptions are caused by Indonesia's location in the ring of active volcanoes. This factor cannot be prevented even though science is super modern as it is now.
Therefore, Buya Hamka asked us not to forget the main cause of all events. Authority that has almighty power. After all the thoughts and sweat we put out for the maximum effort to avoid disaster, don't ever forget that nature is God-blessed.
If it turns out that our efforts bear fruit so that disaster is avoided, a believer never dares to say that salvation is the result of his efforts. As Prophet Ibrahim AS said, "He is the one who feeds me and gives me my drink. And if I am sick, He is the one who heals me. " (Surah asy-Syu'ara: 79-80).
If disasters continue to occur in the midst of our efforts, then it is sufficient for us to say innalillahi wa inna ilaihi rajiun. Verily, we belong to Allah and it is truly to Him that we return. He is the Prince of all causes. Which causes all causes or musabbibul asbab. From there, we know that the Creator of all of this is He who determines the distribution of causes.
Therefore, for all the disasters that occur, let us have a good prejudice against Allah SWT in the status of servants. That is the adab that can draw us closer to Allah Ta'ala.
In the qudsi hadith, Allah SWT says, "I am in the prejudice of My servant, and I am always with him if he remembers Me. If he remembers me in himself, then I remember him in me and if he remembers me in associations, then I remember him in associations that are better than them.
If he draws near to Me an inch, then I will draw closer to him by an hour. And if he draws closer to me by an hour, I will draw closer to him by heart. If he comes to Me while walking, then I will come to him while running. " (Narrated by al-Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad).
Allah knows best.