The new parents often complain of sleep deprivation because their baby wakes up crying at night. If you fall into that group, it is time to understand the baby’s sleep patterns.
Infants sleep problems is actually a normal pattern, a sort of pre-designed program biological body. Basically, the baby has a shorter sleep cycles than adults.
Everyone both infants and adults always through several sleep cycles as a whole is considered a ‘bed nights’. Each sleep cycle contains two phases, namely non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM).
NREM phase started with drowsiness and light sleep is becoming deeper and deeper. Then continue to REM phase in which there are high levels of activity in your brain, faster brain waves, and the dream phase.
After one complete cycle of NREM and REM sleep, a person will start a new cycle. One adult sleep cycle lasts about half an hour, consists of about 80 percent to 20 percent of NREM sleep and REM sleep.
Meanwhile, the baby has a 50 percent to 50 percent of NREM sleep and REM sleep with an average of 16 cycles during 12 hours of sleep. One complete sleep cycle newborn lasted for about 45 minutes and increase to 60 minutes when he was one year old.
That’s why the baby more easily awakened by noise, light, even something as simple as a change in temperature. It would really help if maintaining a stable environment and ensure the baby comfortable when the baby learns to develop his rhythm.