By: Imam Mohamed Baianonie, 1988
The most important events that will happen on the Day of Judgement are when we will be held accountable for our deeds and when we will be questioned by our Lord Allah (S.W.T.). There are many Quranic verses and ahadith that tell us about these events so that the believers will prepare themselves for the most important, final test. They can prepare for this test with their strong faiths and with their righteous deeds.
Allah (S.W.T.) says what could be translated as, “Draws near for mankind their reckoning, while they turn away in heedlessness.” ( Surat Al-‘Anbia’, Verse 1)
Also, He says what could be translated as, “Verily, to Us will be their return: -Then verily, for Us will be their Reckoning.” ( Surat Al-Ghashiah, Verses 25 and 26)
And He says what could be translated as, “Then surely, We shall question those (people) to whom it (the book) was sent and verily, We shall question the Messengers.” ( Surat Al-A’raf, Verses 6 and 7)
These verses and other ahadeeth that will be mentioned, state one of the events that will happen on the Judgement Day. What will happen on this day is called, “Al-Hisaab ” which is when Allah (S.W.T.) will ask every person what they have done in their lives.
There will be two different ways that Allah will hold people accountable for their deeds.
In the first way, Allah will quickly and easily skim through the people’s deeds, and will allow them to enter paradise safely. Those who believe strongly with sincerity will enter paradise in this manner.
In the second way, Allah will discuss the people’s deeds in depth and in detail, and will hold them accountable for each evil act they committed. Then Allah will send them away to the Hell Fire. These are the disbelievers, hypocrites, those who are weak in their faith, or those who are not sincere will enter the Hell Fire in this manner.
Allah (S.W.T.) describes that Day in what could be translated as, “On the Day when every person will be confronted with all the good he has done, and all the evil he has done, he will wish that there were a great distance between him and his evil.” ( Surat Al-Imran, Verse 30)
Anyone who is questioned in depth and in detail will surely be tortured:
Imams Bukhari and Muslim reported that Ai’sha (R.A.) said that the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said: “Destroyed is the one who has his account settled on the Day of Resurrection” , Ai’sha said: “O messenger of Allah, didn’t Allah say “Then he who is given his records in his right hand soon will his account be taken by easy reckoning” ( Surat Al-Inshiqaq, Verses 7 and 8) The prophet (S.A.W.) replied: “This is the skimming through the deeds; and destroyed is the one who has his account settled on the Day of Judgment.”
The good believer will have an easy reckoning and Allah (S.W.T.) will cover up his sins after He reminds him about them. Then he will forgive him from his sins, and allow him to enter paradise.
This is concluded from a hadith reported by Imams Buhkari and Muslim in which the prophet (S.A.W.) said: “Allah will bring the believer very close and privately and ask him “Do you know this sin? Do you know that sin? The believers reply will be, “Yes Oh Lord,” until he is reminded about all of his sins, and he thinks he will perish. Then Allah will say “I covered up your sins during your life, and I will forgive your sins today. Then he will be given his book of good deeds. But the unbelievers and hypocrites will be asked about their deeds loudly in front of the creatures. “These are the ones who lied against their Lord!” No doubt! The curse of Allah is on the ” Dhalimun ” (polytheists, wrongdoers, oppressors, etc.)! ” ( Surat Huud, Verse 18)