THE COMMANDMENT OF QURBANI

3. Penyembelihan dan Pengulitan rumah zakat Udhiyah/Qurbani is a religious practice that we perform on Eid Al-Adha and the following two days. It is an essential religious rite in memory of the sacrifice performed by Prophet Abraham. It involves the slaughtering of an animal (a sheep, a goat, or a cow) and offering it as a sacrifice during the tenth or the two days that follow of Dhul-Hijjah. Our beloved prophet Muhammed (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked “What is Qurbani?”, He answered: “It is the sunnah of your father Ibrahim (AS), for every hair of the Qurban you will receive a reward from Allah and for every hair in the wool you will receive a reward”. (Ibn Maja and Tirmidhi). Ruling The general concensus of the Muslim scholars is that the sacrifice is an important sunnah, and a worship called for in the Law of Allaah. However, they differ as to whether it is nafl (voluntary) or waajib (mandatory) for those who can afford it. Some scholars have explained the different ahaadeeth on the subject by stating that the sacrifice is obligatory on those who can afford it and not obligatory on those who cannot. Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, said: “He who has the capacity, and does not sacrifice, may not approach our musallaa (place of prayer – on the Eid).” [Ibn Maajah, Ahmad and others, authenticated by Al-Albaanee in Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah, #2533] Regarding this hadeeth, Imaam ash-Shaukaanee said: “Prohibiting the one who could afford to sacrifice, but did not do so, from approaching the musallaa indicates that he must have left off a waajib, as it becomes useless to offer the salaah without this waajib .” [Nayl ul-Awtaar] Who is obligated to perform Qurban ritual? Every Muslim who is of sound mind, who has reached the age of puberty, resident and possesses wealth that is in excess of one’s basic needs is obligated to perform Qurban ritual. A person who possesses 80.18 gram gold or its equivalent money or possessions after deduction of his/her needs and debt is regarded as wealthy and therefore should sacrifice an animal as an expression of blessings Allah bestowed upon him/her and expression of sacrifice for the sake of Allah. Every adult Muslim, male or female, who owns 612.36 grams of silver or its equivalent in money, personal ornaments, stock-in-trade or any other form of wealth which is in excess of one’s basic personal needs, is under an obligation to offer the ritual slaughter (Udhiya).

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