[:ID]CARA TERBAIK MEREDAKAN TANGISAN BAYI [:en]THE BEST WAY TO EASE A CRYING BABY[:]

[:ID]Bayi berumur dua bulan memang akan sering menangis, terutama di sore dan malam hari. Lamanya minimal lima jam per hari. Seiring bertambahnya usia, tangisan bayi akan mereda.

“Mulai tidak cengeng saat berumur 3-5 bulan,” ungkap dr Dito Anurogo MSc, dosen FKIK Unismuh Makassar.

Terkadang, menurut Dito, alasan bayi menangis tak jua tersingkap. Saat menangis, mimik mukanya bisa saja seolah kesakitan atau nyeri, meskipun sebenarnya normal saja.

Lantas, bagaimana cara meredakan tangisan bayi? Dito merekomendasikan aneka cara menyayangi bayi.

“Misalnya dengan memberinya air susu ibu (ASI), menyuapi dengan bubur, mengganti popoknya, menepuk punggung secara perlahan agar bersendawa, memastikan suhu ruangan nyaman bagi bayi, memastikan temperatur tubuh bayi normal, atau memeriksa pakaian yang dipakainya tidak terlalu longgar dan tidak terlalu ketat,” jelas Dito.

Di lain sisi, Dito mengingatkan, risiko shaken baby syndrome paling sering terjadi ketika anak berusia di bawah lima tahun. Sindrom bayi terguncang terjadi akibat hentakan keras yang dialami kepala si kecil.

Karakteristik klinis khas penderita sindrom bayi terguncang bisa dilihat dari adanya pembengkakan kepala, ada area yang lunak di kepala, dan dahi atau kepala terlihat membesar. Bayi yang mengalaminya juga kepalanya tampak terkulai tidak mampu diangkat karena kekuatan otot menurun.

Ketika terkena sindrom bayi terguncang, mata si kecil tidak dapat fokus, ukuran pupil berbeda, dan tak bisa mengikuti gerakan. Perilakunya berubah menjadi rewel, cenderung suka mengantuk, suka marah, menjadi sensitif, dan mudah mengamuk.

Keceriaan dan senyuman mendadak hilang, tidak mau bergumam. Postur tubuh menjadi kaku, seperti berpura-pura. Refleks menelan dan menghisap memudar, menolak saat disuapi, tidak lagi berselera makan, terkadang muntah tanpa sebab.

“Pada stadium lanjut, penderita sindrom bayi terguncang dapat mengalami kejang, denyut jantung melemah, sulit bernapas. Pada kasus tertentu yang amat fatal, bayi dapat ditemukan dalam kondisi tidak bernyawa,” jelas Dito yang juga instruktur literasi baca-tulis tingkat nasional 2019.

sumber: republika.co.id[:en]

Two-month-old babies will often cry, especially in the afternoon and evening. The duration is a minimum of five hours per day. As they get older, the cries of the baby will subside.

“Age of 3-5 months is when the baby starts to not whine,” said Dr. Dito Anurogo MSc, a lecturer at FKIK Unismuh Makassar.

Sometimes, according to Dito, the reason why babies cry does not always unfold. When crying, the expression on his face could be as if in pain, even though it’s actually normal.

Then, how does one ease the crying baby? Dito recommends a variety of ways to love babies.

“For example, by giving breast milk, feeding with porridge, changing diapers, pat her back gently to burp, making sure the temperature of the room is comfortable for the baby, making sure the baby’s body temperature is normal or checking the clothes she wears as not be too loose and not too tight,” explained Dito.

On the other hand, Dito cautioned, the risk of shaken baby syndrome which often occurs when children are under five years old. The shaken baby syndrome occurs due to a hard pounding experienced by the baby’s head.

The typical clinical characteristics of patients with the shaken baby syndrome can be seen from the swelling of the head, there is a soft area on the head and the forehead or head looks enlarged. Infants who experience it also appear drooping head unable to be lifted because of decreased muscle strength.

When affected by the shaken baby syndrome, your baby’s eyes cannot focus, pupil size is different, and cannot follow movements. The baby’s behavior turns fussy, tends to like drowsiness, like anger, become sensitive, and easily rages.

Being cheerful and smiles suddenly disappear and do not want to mumble. Body posture becomes stiff as if pretending. Reflex swallowing and sucking fade, refuse when fed, no longer appetite, sometimes vomit without any cause.

“At an advanced stage, patients with the shaken baby syndrome can experience seizures, weakened heartbeat, difficulty breathing. In certain cases that are very fatal, babies can be found in a lifeless condition,” said Dito who is also a 2019 national literacy instructor.

source: republika.co.id[:]

Tags :
Konfirmasi Donasi
id_IDBahasa Indonesia
en_USEnglish id_IDBahasa Indonesia